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Title: Polycyclic Palaeozoic evolution of accretionary orogenic wedge in the southern Chinese Altai: Evidence from structural relationships and U-Pb geochronology.
Author: Broussolle, Arnaoud
Aguilar Gil, Carmen María
Sun, Min
Schulmann, Karel
Stípská, Pavla
Jiang, Yingde
Yu, Yang
Xiao, Wenjiao
Wang, Sheng
Mikova, Jitka
Keywords: Orogènesi
Geologia estructural
Structural geology
Issue Date: 4-Jun-2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Structural analysis and U-Pb geochronological study on zircons from the southern Chinese Altai (the Kalasu area, SE of the Altai city) show that the Cambro-Ordovician accretionary wedge (ca. 520-492 Ma) underwent four major geological events: 1) emplacement of Early Devonian magmas (ca. 410-400) associated with formation of a volcano-sedimentary cover, 2) major Middle Devonian (ca. 390-374 Ma) tectono-metamorphic event, 3) Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous folding without apparent metamorphism, and 4) a regional folding with localized Early Permian high- to ultrahigh-temperature reworking (ca. 300-280 Ma). The Early Devonian magmatism is characterized by emplacement of mafic rocks and granitoids in the centre of the NE-SW profile, coevally with granitoid magmatism and rhyolite volcanism in the southwest and northeast, respectively. The whole volcano-sedimentary and magmatic edifice was transposed by sub-horizontal metamorphic fabric associated with variable metamorphic degrees in different areas ranging from greenschist facies in the northeast (mu + bi±g) to amphibolite facies in the southwest (st + g ± sill) and granulite facies in the centre (g + sill+kfs). This metamorphic architecture, distribution of magmatism and character of metamorphic zircon populations allow to correlate these areas with upper, middle and lower orogenic crust that developed during important vertical shortening and horizontal flow in Middle Devonian. Subsequently, the whole edifice was affected by regional NE-SW trending upright (possibly Late Devonian-Early Carboniferous) folding. Finally, Early Permian shortening produced NW-SE trending regional upright folds in the southwest and northeast and a crustal-scale vertical, tabular deformation zone in the centre. The Permian deformation is accompanied by granulite facies (kfs + cd + sill+g) metamorphism and anatexis reworking the Devonian lower orogenic crust, with extensive resetting and growth of new zircons and with intrusions of Permian granites and gabbros. This study suggests that the Early Permian event was related to massive perturbation of thermal structure of the mantle lithosphere due to the collision of the Junggar arc with the Chinese Altai terrane.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Lithos, 2018, vol. 314-315, p. 400-424
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ISSN: 0024-4937
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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