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Title: The autophagy response during adipogenesis of primary cultured rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) adipocytes
Author: Riera Heredia, Natàlia
Lutfi Royo, Esmail
Balbuena-Pecino, Sara
Vélez, Emilio J.
Dias, Karine
Beaumatin, Florian
Gutiérrez Fruitós, Joaquín
Seiliez, Iban
Capilla Campos, Encarnación
Navarro Álvarez, Isabel
Keywords: Peix
Fish as food
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2022
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd
Abstract: Adipogenesis is a tightly regulated process, and the involvement of autophagy has been recently proposed in mammalian models. In rainbow trout, two well-defined phases describe the development of primary cultured adipocyte cells: proliferation and differentiation. Nevertheless, information on the transcriptional profile at the onset of differentiation and the potential role of autophagy in this process is scarce. In the present study, the cells showed an early and transient induction of several adipogenic transcription factors genes' expression (i.e., cebpa and cebpb) along with the morphological changes (round shape filled with small lipid droplets) typical of the onset of adipogenesis. Then, the expression of various lipid metabolism-related genes involving the synthesis (fas), uptake (fatp1 and cd36), accumulation (plin2) and mobilization (hsl) of lipids, characteristic of the mature adipocyte, increased. In parallel, several autophagy markers (i.e., atg4b, gabarapl1 and lc3b) mirrored the expression of those adipogenic-related genes, suggesting a role of autophagy during in vitro fish adipogenesis. In this regard, the incubation of preadipocytes with lysosomal inhibitors (Bafilomycin A1 or Chloroquine), described to prevent autophagy flux, delayed the process of adipogenesis (i.e., cell remodelling), thus suggesting a possible relationship between autophagy and adipocyte differentiation in trout. Moreover, the disruption of the autophagic flux altered the expression of some key adipogenic genes such as cebpa and pparg. Overall, this study contributes to improve our knowledge on the regulation of rainbow trout adipocyte differentiation, and highlights for the first time in fish the involvement of autophagy on adipogenesis, suggesting a close-fitting connection between both processes.
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It is part of: Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology B-Biochemistry & Molecular Biology, 2022, vol. 258
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ISSN: 1096-4959
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Cel·lular, Fisiologia i Immunologia)

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