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Title: Contrasting P-T-t-d paths of the polycyclic Palaeozoic tectono-metamorphic event in the Southern Chinese Altai: an example from Kalasu area
Author: Broussolle, Arnaoud
Aguilar Gil, Carmen María
Sun, Min
Stípská, Pavla
Schulmann, Karel
Jiang, Yingde
Yu, Yang
Xiao, Wenjiao
Keywords: Geologia estructural
Structural geology
Issue Date: 10-Apr-2019
Publisher: European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Abstract: To understand the polycyclic Palaeozoic tectono-metamorphic evolution of the Southern Chinese Altai, petrological and structural studies together with thermodynamic modelling and dating were carried out in the Cambro-Ordovician metapelitic sequence of the Kalasu area. The sequence is divided into upper, middle and lower crustal orogenic levels according to their metamorphic grade and structural patterns. Metamorphism increases from low to high-grade towards the deeper crustal levels with garnet-biotite schists in the upper crustal level, sillimanite-garnet and staurolite-garnet-sillimanite schists and gneisses in the middle crustal level, and cordierite-sillimanite-K-feldspar migmatites in the lower crustal level. Structural succession involves a subhorizontal S1 foliation folded by NE-SW open to tight and upright F2 folds (with no metamorphism associated), reworking by an orthogonal D3 deformation, characterized by NW-SE open to close F3 folds with moderately plunging axes, steeply dipping S3 axial planes and S3 cleavage. Early Devonian calc-alkaline granitoids intruded the sequence parallel to S1 foliation, whereas Permian undeformed gabbroic bodies were emplaced in the lower crust and granites in the upper crust coevally with D3. The P-T-t-d paths indicate that the crystalline rocks underwent a clockwise evolution marked by Early Devonian burial associated with heating, followed by Permian decompression, in agreement with studies from other parts of the Chinese Altai. The burial is recorded in the middle and lower levels by the presence of g-st-ky-ru relics within the S1 fabric. This stage is related to crustal thickening, whereas heating is related to intrusions of Devonian granite sheets during an extensional setting. A subsequent decompression (around 3-5 kbar) is recorded in all crustal levels, associated with intrusions of gabbro and granite along the southern border of the Chinese Altai and coeval with the last Permian deformation. This last stage is related to the collision between the Junggar arc system and the Chinese Altai orogenic belt.
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It is part of: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 2019, vol. 21, num. EGU2019-18119
ISSN: 1029-7006
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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