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Title: Modeled Buoyancy of eggs and larvae of the deep-sea shrimp Aristeus antennatus (Crustacea: Decapoda) in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea
Author: Clavel-Henry, Morane
Solé Ollé, Jordi
Kristiansen, Trond
Bahamon Rivera, Nixon
Rotllant Estelrich, Guiomar
Company Claret, Joan Baptista
Keywords: Marisc
Mediterrània occidental
Western Mediterranean
Issue Date: 29-Jan-2020
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Information on the buoyancy of eggs and larvae from deep-sea species is rare but necessary for 30 explaining the position of non-swimming larvae in the water column. Due to embryonic 31 morphology and ecology diversities, egg buoyancy has important variations within one species and 32 among other ones. Nevertheless, it has hardly been explored if this buoyancy variability can be a 33 strategy for deep-sea larvae to optimize their transport beyond their spawning areas. In the 34 northwestern Mediterranean Sea, protozoea and mysis larvae of the commercial deep-sea shrimp 35 Aristeus antennatus were recently found in upper layers, but to present, earlier stages like eggs and 36 nauplii have not been collected. Using a Lagrangian transport model and larval characteristics, we 37 evaluate the buoyancy and hydrodynamic effects on the transport of A. antennatus larvae in the 38 northwestern Mediterranean Sea. The transport models suggested that 75% of buoyant eggs 39 released between 500 and 800 m depth (i.e., known spawning area), reached the upper water layers 40 (0-75 m depth). Then, according to the modeled larval drifts, three spawning regions were defined 41 in the studied area: 1) the northern part, along a continental margin crossed by large submarine 42 canyons; 2) the central part, with two circular circulation structures (i.e., eddies); and 3) the 43 southern part, with currents flowing through a channel. The number of larvae in the most upper 44 layer (0-5 m depth) was higher if the larval transport model accounted for the ascent of eggs and 45 nauplii (81%) instead of eggs reaching the surface before hatching (50%). The larvae reaching the 46 most water upper layer (0-5 m depth) had higher rates of dispersal than the ones transported below 47 the surface layer (deeper than 5 m depth). The results of larval dispersal simulations have 48 implications for the understanding of A. antennatus larval ecology and for management decisions 49 related to the shrimp fisheries in the northwestern Mediterranean Se
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2020, vol. 15, num. e0223396, p. 1-24
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)

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