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Title: Initiation and Single Dispensing in Cardiovascular and Insulin Medications: Prevalence and Explanatory Factors
Author: Vilaplana Carnerero, Carles
Aznar Lou, Ignacio
Peñarrubia María, María Teresa
Serrano Blanco, Antoni
Fernández-Vergel, Rita
Petitbò-Antúnez, Dolors
Gil Girbau, Mª Montserrat
March Pujol, Marian
Mendive, Juan Manuel
Sánchez-Viñas, Alba
Carbonell-Duacastella, Cristina
Rubio Valera, Maria
Keywords: Malalties cardiovasculars
Cardiovascular diseases
Issue Date: 12-May-2020
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: : Background: Adherence problems have negative effects on health, but there is little information on the magnitude of non-initiation and single dispensing. Objective: The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence of non-initiation and single dispensation and identify associated predictive factors for the main treatments prescribed in Primary Care (PC) for cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes. Methods: Cohort study with real-world data. Patients who received a first prescription (2013-2014) for insulins, platelet aggregation inhibitors, angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEI) or statins in Catalan PC were included. The prevalence of non-initiation and single dispensation was calculated. Factors that explained these behaviours were explored. Results: At three months, between 5.7% (ACEI) and 9.1% (antiplatelets) of patients did not initiate their treatment and between 10.6% (statins) and 18.4% (ACEI) filled a single prescription. Body mass index, previous CVD, place of origin and having a substitute prescriber, among others, influenced the risk of non-initiation and single dispensation. Conclusions: The prevalence of non-initiation and single dispensation of CVD medications and insulin prescribed in PC in is high. Patient and health-system factors, such as place of origin and type of prescriber, should be taken into consideration when prescribing new medications for CVD and diabetes.
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It is part of: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 2020, vol. 17, num. 10, p. 3358
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ISSN: 1661-7827
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Farmàcia, Tecnologia Farmacèutica i Fisicoquímica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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