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Title: Resource abundance and public finances in five peripheral economies, 1850s-1930s
Author: Peres Cajías, José Alejandro
Torregrosa-Hetland, Sara
Ducoing, Cristián
Keywords: Gestió de recursos naturals
Finances públiques
Història econòmica
Management of natural resources
Public finance
Economic history
Issue Date: 2022
Publisher: Elsevier Ltd.
Abstract: The resource curse literature has established that taxation of natural resources might limit the long-term development of fiscal capacity in resource-rich countries. This article explores if, and how, natural resource abundance generates fiscal dependence on natural resource revenues. We compare five peripheral economies of Latin America (Bolivia, Chile, Peru) and Scandinavia (Norway, Sweden) over a period of 90 years, between 1850 and 1939. Both groups were natural resource abundant, but in the latter natural resource dependence decreased over time. By using a novel database, we find that fiscal dependence was low in Norway and Sweden, while high and unstable in Bolivia, Chile and Peru. This suggests that natural resource abundance should not be mechanically linked to fiscal dependence. An accounting identity shows that sudden increases in fiscal dependence were related to both economic and political factors: countries' economic diversification, and attitudes of the relevant political forces about how taxation affects the companies operating in the natural resource sector.
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It is part of: Resources Policy, 2022, vol. 76, núm. 102539, p. 1-20
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ISSN: 0301-4207
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història Econòmica, Institucions, Política i Economia Mundial)

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