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Title: Prognostic significance of the PROFUND index on one year mortality in acute heart failure: results from the RICA registry
Author: Mendez Bailon, Manuel
Iguaran Bermudez, Rosario
Formiga Pérez, Francesc
Arévalo-Lorido, José Carlos
Suárez-Pedreira, Iván
Morales-Rull, Jose Luis
Serrado-Iglesias, Ana
Llacer-Iborra, Pau
Ormaechea-Gorricho, Gabriela
Carrasco Sánchez, Francisco
Casado-Cerrada, Jesús
Andrès, Emmanuel
Díez Manglano, Jesús
Lorenzo Villalba, Noel
Montero Pérez-Barquero, Manuel
Keywords: Insuficiència cardíaca
Persones grans
Pronòstic mèdic
Heart failure
Older people
Issue Date: 27-Mar-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Background: Heart failure (HF) is a syndrome with high prevalence, mainly affecting elderly patients, where the presence of associated comorbidities is of great importance. Methods: An observational study from a prospective registry was conducted. Patients identified from the National Registry of Heart Failure (RICA), which belongs to theWorking Group on Heart Failure and Atrial Fibrillation of the Spanish Society of Internal Medicine (SEMI), were included. The latter is a prospective, multicenter registry that has been active since 2008. It includes individual consecutive patients over 50 years of age with a diagnosis of HF at hospital discharge (acute decompensated or new-onset HF). Results: In total, 5424 patients were identified from the registry. Forty-seven percent were men and mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 51.4%; 1132 had a score of 0 to 2 according to the PROFUND index, 3087 had a score of 3 to 6, and 952 patients had a score of 7 to 10 points. In the sample, 252 patients had a score above 11 points. At the end of the year of follow-up, 61% of the patients died. This mortality increased proportionally as the PROFUND index increased, specifically 75% for patients with PROFUND greater than 11. The Kaplan-Meier survival curve shows that survival at one year progressively decreases as the PROFUND index value increases. Thus, subjects with scores greater than seven (intermediate-high and high-risk) presented the worst survival with a log rank of 0.96 and a p < 0.05. In the regression analysis, we found a higher risk of death from any cause at one year in the group with the highest risk according to the PROFUND index (score greater than 11 points (HR 1.838 (1.410-2.396)). Conclusions: The PROFUND index is a good index for predicting mortality in patients admitted for acute HF, especially in those subjects at intermediate to high risk with scores above seven. Future studies should seek to determine whether the PROFUND index score is simply a prognostic marker or whether it can also be used to make therapeutic decisions for those subjects with very high short-term mortality.
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It is part of: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2022, vol. 11
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ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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