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Title: The association between empathy and the physiotherapy-patient therapeutic alliance: a cross-sectional study
Author: Rodríguez-Nogueira, Òscar
Leirós Rodríguez, Raquel
Pinto Carral, Arrate
Álvarez-Álvarez, Maria José
Morera Balaguer, Jaume
Moreno Poyato, Antonio Rafael
Keywords: Terapèutica
Relacions psicoterapeuta-pacient
Physical therapy
Psychotherapist and patient
Issue Date: 23-Mar-2022
Abstract: Background: The central component of person-centred care is in having a therapeutic realtionship. Furthermore, the empathy of the physiotherapist is one of the most important attributes in achieving a successful therapeutic alliance. Objective: The aim of the research was to determine the association between the constructs of empathy and therapeutic alliance in Spanish physical therapists and the possible influence of socio-professional variables on them. Design: Cross-sectional research. Methods: An electronic survey including the Working Alliance Inventory-Short Form, the Interpersonal Reactivity Index and sociodemographic data with 473 Spanish physiotherapists. A descriptive, bivariate and simple lineal regression analysis was carried out. Results: Work experience has a positive influence on bonding and the agreement on objectives and tasks (0.04 < B > 0.06; p < 0.01). The perspective taking dimensions and empathic concern positively influence the agreement on achievement (0.14 < B > 0.19; p < 0.001). Personal distress inversely influences bonding and the agreement on achievements and tasks (-0.13 < B > -0.09; p < 0.01). Conclusions: The dimensions of perspective taking and empathic concern seem to facilitate successful shared decision making in terms of treating objectives. Furthermore, the physiotherapist's personal distress acts as an obstacle to the development of the three subcomponents of the therapeutic alliance analysed.
It is part of: Musculoskeletal Science And Practice, 2022, vol. 59, p. 102557
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ISSN: 2468-7812
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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