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Title: Linear free energy relationship models for the retention of partially ionized acid-base compounds in reversed-phase liquid chromatography
Author: Soriano Meseguer, Sara
Fuguet i Jordà, Elisabet
Abraham, Michael H.
Port, Ariadna
Rosés Pascual, Martí
Keywords: Cromatografia de líquids
Liquid chromatography
Issue Date: 4-Jan-2021
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The LFER model of Abraham is applied to the retention of the neutral and ionic forms of 94 solutes in a C18 column and 40% v/v acetonitrile/water mobile phase. The results show that polarizability and cav- ity formation interactions increase retention, whereas dipole and hydrogen bonding interactions favours partition to the mobile phase and thus, they decrease retention. The coefficients of the ionic descriptors measure the effect of the electrostatic interactions and their contribution to partition of the cation or anion between the two mobile and stationary chromatographic phases. A new LFER model for application to the retention of partially dissociated acids and bases is derived aver- aging the descriptors of the neutral and ionic forms according to their degrees of ionization in the mobile phase. This new LFER model is satisfactorily compared to other literature modified Abraham models for a set of 498 retention data of partially dissociated acids and bases. All tested models require the calculation of the ionization degrees of the compounds at the measuring pH. Calculation of the ionization degrees in the chromatographic mobile phase (i.e. from pH and p K a in the eluent) give good correlations for all tested models. However, estimation of these ionization degrees from pH -p K a data in pure water gives biased estimations of the retention of the partially ionized solutes.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Chromatography A, 2021, vol. 1635, num. 461720
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ISSN: 0021-9673
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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