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Title: Dependence of samarium-soil interaction on samarium concentration: Implications for environmental risk assessment
Author: Ramirez-Guinart, Oriol
Salaberria, Aitor
Vidal Espinar, Miquel
Rigol Parera, Anna
Keywords: Avaluació del risc ambiental
Elements químics
Environmental risk assessment
Chemical elements
Issue Date: 1-Mar-2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The sorption and desorption behaviour of samarium (Sm), an emerging contaminant, was examined in soil samples at varying Sm concentrations. The obtained sorption and desorption parameters revealed that soil possessed a high Sm retention capacity (sorption was higher than 99% and desorption lower than 2%) at low Sm concentrations, whereas at high Sm concentrations, the sorption-desorption behaviour varied among the soil samples tested. The fractionation of the Sm sorbed in soils, obtained by sequential extractions, allowed to suggest the soil properties (pH and organic matter solubility) and phases (organic matter, carbonates and clay minerals) governing the Sm-soil interaction. The sorption models constructed in the present work along with the sorption behaviour of Sm explained in terms of soil main characteristics will allow properly assessing the Sm-soil interaction depending on the contamination scenario under study. Moreover, the sorption and desorption K-d values of radiosamarium in soils were strongly correlated with those of stable Sm at low concentrations (r = 0.98); indicating that the mobility of Sm radioisotopes and, thus, the risk of radioactive Sm contamination can be predicted using data from low concentrations of stable Sm. (C) 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Environmental Pollution, 2018, vol. 234, p. 439-447
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ISSN: 0269-7491
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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