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Title: Long-term Follow-up of Sexual Quality of Life after Laparoscopic Surgery in Patients with Deep Infiltrating Endometriosis
Author: Martínez Zamora, María Ángeles
Coloma, José Luis
Gracia, Meritxell
Rius, Mariona
Castelo-Branco Flores, Camil
Carmona Herrera, Francisco
Keywords: Endometriosi
Cirurgia laparoscòpica
Relacions sexuals
Qualitat de vida
Laparoscopic surgery
Sexual intercourse
Quality of life
Issue Date: 1-Nov-2021
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Study Objective: We performed a long-term follow-up to quantify the impairment of sexual quality of life (SQL) and health-related QL (HRQL) in sexually active women after laparoscopic excision of deep infiltrating endometriosis (DIE). Design: Prospective case-control study. Setting: Hospital Clinic of Barcelona. Patients: A total of 193 patients (after dropout and exclusions) were divided into 2 groups: one hundred twenty-nine premenopausal women with DIE (DIE group) and 64 healthy women who underwent tubal ligation (C group). Interventions: All patients underwent laparoscopic surgery: laparoscopic endometriosis surgery in the DIE group and laparoscopic tubal ligation in the C group. All women were followed for at least 36 months, and they completed the Medical Outcomes Study 36-item short form questionnaire to assess their HRQL and 3 self-administered questionnaires that evaluate different aspects of SQL: the generic Sexual Quality of Life−Female questionnaire, the Female Sexual Distress Scale to evaluate 'sexually related distress,' and the Brief Profile of Female Sexual Function to screen hypoactive sexual desire disorder. The patients with DIE as well as the controls completed the 4 questionnaires before surgery, and the patients with DIE also completed the questionnaires at 6 and 36 months after surgery. Measurements and Main Results: A comparison of the patients and controls before surgery showed a statistically significant impairment in SQL and HRQL among the patients with DIE. A statistically significant improvement in SQL and HRQL was observed in the DIE group 6 months after surgery, with scores being similar to those of the C group. An evaluation 36 months after surgery showed that SQL and HRQL were better than presurgical SQL and HRQL in the DIE group, with a slight reduction compared with the 6-month evaluation. Conclusion: SQL and HRQL improved in patients with DIE undergoing complete laparoscopic endometriosis resection and were comparable to those of healthy women at 6 months after surgery, showing a slight reduction at 36 months of follow-up.
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It is part of: Journal of Minimally Invasive Gynecology, 2021, vol. 28, num. 11, p. 1912-1919
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ISSN: 1553-4650
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cirurgia i Especialitats Medicoquirúrgiques)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)

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