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Title: Twistable Dipolar Aryl Rings as Electric Field Actuated Conformational Molecular Switches
Author: Jutglar Lozano, Kílian
Santiago Piera, Raúl
Ribas Ariño, Jordi
Bromley, Stefan Thomas
Keywords: Camps elèctrics
Estructura electrònica
Conductivitat elèctrica
Electric fields
Electronic structure
Electric conductivity
Issue Date: 11-Jan-2021
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Abstract: The ability to control the chemical conformation of a system via external stimuli is a promising route for developing molecular switches. For eventual deployment as viable sub-nanoscale components that are compatible with current electronic device technology, conformational switching should be controllable by a local electric field (i.e. E-field gateable) and accompanied by a rapid and significant change in conductivity. In organic chemical systems the degree of π-conjugation is linked to the degree of electronic delocalisation, and thus largely determines the conductivity. Here, by means of accurate first principles calculations, we study the prototypical biphenyl based molecular system in which the dihedral angle between the two rings determines the degree of conjugation. In order to make this an E-field gateable system we create a net dipole by asymmetrically functionalising one ring with: (i) electron withdrawing (F, Br and CN), (ii) electron donating (NH2), and (iii) mixed (NH2/NO2) substituents. In this way, the application of an E-field interacts with the dipolar system to influence the dihedral angle, thus controlling the conjugation. For all considered substituents we consider a range of E-fields, and in each case extract conformational energy profiles. Using this data we obtain the minimum E-field required to induce a barrierless switching event for each system. We further extract the estimated switching speeds, the conformational probabilities at finite temperatures, and the effect of applied E-field on electronic structure. Consideration of these data allow us to assess which factors are most important in the design of efficient gateable electrical molecular switches.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Physical Chemistry Chemical Physics, 2021, num. 23, p. 3844-3855
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ISSN: 1463-9076
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTCUB))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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