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Title: Low temperature structures and magnetic interactions in the organic-based ferromagnetic and metamagnetic polymorphs of decamethylferrocenium 7,7,8,8-tetracyano- p-quinodimethanide, [FeCp*2]¿+[TCNQ]¿−
Author: Lapidus, Saul H.
Stephens, Peter W.
Fumanal Quintana, María
Ribas Ariño, Jordi
Novoa Vide, Juan J.
DaSilva, Jack G.
Rheingold, Arnold L.
Miller, Joel S.
Keywords: Ferromagnetisme
Polimorfisme (Cristal·lografia)
Polymorphism (Crystallography)
Issue Date: 22-Jul-2021
Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry
Abstract: To identify the genesis of the differing magnetic behaviors for the ferro- (FO) and metamagnetic (MM) polymorphs of [FeCp*2][TCNQ] (Cp* = pentamethylcyclopentadienide; TCNQ = 7,7,8,8-tetracyano-p-quinodimethane) the low temperature (18 ± 1 K) structures of each polymorph were determined from high-resolution synchrotron powder diffraction data. Each polymorph possesses chains of alternating S = 1/2 [FeCp*2]˙+ cations and S = 1/2 [TCNQ]˙+, but with differing relative orientations. These as well as an additional paramagnetic polymorph do not thermally interconvert. In addition, the room and low (<70 ± 10 K) temperature structures of the MM polymorph, MMRT and MMLT, respectively, differ from that previously reported at 167 K (−106 °C) MM structure, and no evidence of either phase transition was previously noted even from the magnetic data. This transition temperature and enthalpy of this phase transition for MMRT ⇌ MM was determined to be 226.5 ± 0.4 K (−46.7 ± 0.4 °C) and 0.68 ± 0.04 kJ mol−1 upon warming, respectively, from differential calorimetry studies (DSC). All three MM phases are triclinic (P[1 with combining macron]) with the room temperature phase having a doubled unit cell relative to the other two. The lower temperature phase transition involves a small rearrangement of the molecular ions and shift in lattice parameters. These three MM and FO polymorphs have been characterized and form extended 1-D chains with alternating S = 1/2 [FeCp*2]˙+ cations, and S = 1/2 [TCNQ]˙− anions, whereas the fifth, paramagnetic (P) polymorph possesses S = 0 π-[TCNQ]22− dimers. At 18 ± 1 K the intrachain Fe⋯Fe separations are 10.738(2) and 10.439(3) Å for the FO and MMLT polymorphs, respectively. The key structural differences between FO and MMLT at 18 ± 1 K are the 10% shorter interchain N⋯N and the 2.8% shorter intrachain Fe⋯Fe separation present for MMLT. Computational analysis of all nearest-neighbor spin couplings for the 18 K structures of FO and MMLT indicates that the intrachain [FeCp*2]˙+⋯[TCNQ]˙− spin couplings (H = −2Si·Sj) are the strongest (4.95 and 6.5 cm−1 for FO and MMLT, respectively), as previously hypothesized, and are ferromagnetic due to their S = 1/2 spins residing in orthogonal orbitals. The change in relative [TCNQ]˙−⋯[TCNQ]˙− orientations leads to a computed change from the ferromagnetic interaction (0.2 cm−1) for FO to an antiferromagnetic interaction (−0.1 cm−1) for MMLT in accord with its observed antiferromagnetic ground state. Hence, the magnetic ground state cannot be solely described by the dominant magnetic interactions.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Dalton Transactions, 2021, vol. 50, p. 11228-11242
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ISSN: 1477-9226
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Química Teòrica i Computacional (IQTCUB))

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