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Title: Computational Study of the addition of Methanethiol to 40+ Michael Acceptors as a Model for the Bioconjugation of Cysteines
Author: Costa i Arnau, Anna M.
Bosch Hereu, Lluís
Petit Roig, Elena
Vilarrasa i Llorens, Jaume
Keywords: Reaccions d'addició
Addition reactions
Issue Date: 29-Apr-2021
Publisher: American Chemical Society
Abstract: A long series of Michael acceptors are studied computationally as potential alternatives to the maleimides that are used in most antibody-drug conjugates to link Cys of mAbs with cytotoxic drugs. The products of the reaction of methanethiol (CH3SH/MeSH, as a simple model of Cys) with N-methylated ethynesulfonamide, 2-ethynylpyridinium ion, propynamide, and methyl ethynephosphonamidate (that is, with HC≡C-EWG) are predicted by the M06-2X/6-311+G(d,p) method to be thermodynamically more stable, in relation to their precursors, than that of MeSH with N-methylmaleimide and, in general, with H2C═CH-EWG; calculations with AcCysOMe and tBuSH are also included. However, for the addition of the anion (MeS-), which is the reactive species, the order changes and N-methylated 2-vinylpyridinium ion, 2,3-butadienamide, and maleimide may give more easily the anionic adducts than several activated triple bonds; moreover, the calculated ΔG⧧ values increase following the order HC≡C-SO2NHMe, N-methylmaleimide, HC≡C-PO(OMe)NHMe, and HC≡C-CONHMe. In other words, MeS- is predicted to react more rapidly with maleimides than with ethynephosphonamidates and with propynamides, in agreement with the experimental results. New mechanistic details are disclosed regarding the advantageous use of some amides, especially of ethynesulfonamides, which, however, are more prone to double additions and exchange reactions.
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It is part of: Journal of Organic Chemistry, 2021, vol. 86, num. 10, p. 7107-7118
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ISSN: 0022-3263
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Química Inorgànica i Orgànica)

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