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Title: Peripheral microcirculatory alterations are associated with the severity of acute respiratory distress syndrome in COVID-19 patients admitted to intermediate respiratory and intensive care units
Author: Mesquida, Jaume
Caballer, Alba
Cortese, Lorenzo
Vilà, Clara
Karadeniz, Umut
Pagliazzi, Marco
Zanoletti, Marta
Pérez Pacheco, Argelia
Castro Rebollo, Pedro
García-de-Acilu, Marina
Mesquita, Rickson Coelho
Busch, David R.
Durduran, Turgut
HEMOCOVID-19 Consortium
Keywords: COVID-19
Unitats de cures intensives
Vasos sanguinis
Espectroscòpia infraroja
Intensive care units
Blood vessels
Infrared spectroscopy
Issue Date: 8-Nov-2021
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Background: COVID-19 is primarily a respiratory disease; however, there is also evidence that it causes endothelial damage in the microvasculature of several organs. The aim of the present study is to characterize in vivo the microvas‑ cular reactivity in peripheral skeletal muscle of severe COVID-19 patients. Methods: This is a prospective observational study carried out in Spain, Mexico and Brazil. Healthy subjects and severe COVID-19 patients admitted to the intermediate respiratory (IRCU) and intensive care units (ICU) due to hypox‑ emia were studied. Local tissue/blood oxygen saturation (StO2) and local hemoglobin concentration (THC) were non-invasively measured on the forearm by near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS). A vascular occlusion test (VOT), a threeminute induced ischemia, was performed in order to obtain dynamic StO2 parameters: deoxygenation rate (DeO2), reoxygenation rate (ReO2), and hyperemic response (HAUC). In COVID-19 patients, the severity of ARDS was evaluated by the ratio between peripheral arterial oxygen saturation (SpO2) and the fraction of inspired oxygen (FiO2) (SF ratio). Results: Healthy controls (32) and COVID-19 patients (73) were studied. Baseline StO2 and THC did not difer between the two groups. Dynamic VOT-derived parameters were signifcantly impaired in COVID-19 patients showing lower metabolic rate (DeO2) and diminished endothelial reactivity. At enrollment, most COVID-19 patients were receiving invasive mechanical ventilation (MV) (53%) or high-fow nasal cannula support (32%). Patients on MV were also receiv‑ ing sedative agents (100%) and vasopressors (29%). Baseline StO2 and DeO2 negatively correlated with SF ratio, while ReO2 showed a positive correlation with SF ratio. There were signifcant diferences in baseline StO2 and ReO2 among the diferent ARDS groups according to SF ratio, but not among diferent respiratory support therapies. Conclusion: Patients with severe COVID-19 show systemic microcirculatory alterations suggestive of endothelial dysfunction, and these alterations are associated with the severity of ARDS. Further evaluation is needed to determine
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It is part of: Critical Care, 2021, vol. 25, num. 1, p. 381
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ISSN: 1364-8535
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE

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