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Title: Transversal gene expression panel to evaluate intestinal health in broiler chickens in different challenging conditions
Author: Criado Mesas, Lourdes
Abdelli, N.
Noce, A.
Farré, Mercè
Pérez, José F.
Solà Oriol, David
Martín Venegas, Raquel
Forouzandeh, A.
González Solé, Francesc
Folch, Josep M.
Keywords: Pèptids
Expressió gènica
Malalties intestinals
Gene expression
Intestinal diseases
Issue Date: 18-Mar-2021
Publisher: Nature Publishing Group
Abstract: There is a high interest on gut health in poultry with special focus on consequences of the intestinal diseases, such as coccidiosis and C. perfringens-induced necrotic enteritis (NE). We developed a custom gene expression panel, which could provide a snapshot of gene expression variation under challenging conditions. Ileum gene expression studies were performed through high throughput reverse transcription quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction. A deep review on the bibliography was done and genes related to intestinal health were selected for barrier function, immune response, oxidation, digestive hormones, nutrient transport, and metabolism. The panel was frstly tested by using a nutritional/Clostridium perfringens model of intestinal barrier failure (induced using commercial reused litter and wheat-based diets without exogenous supplementation of enzymes) and the consistency of results was evaluated by another experiment under a coccidiosis challenge (orally gavaged with a commercial coccidiosis vaccine, 90×vaccine dose). Growth traits and intestinal morphological analysis were performed to check the gut barrier failure occurrence. Results of ileum gene expression showed a higher expression in genes involved in barrier function and nutrient transport in chickens raised in healthy conditions, while genes involved in immune response presented higher expression in C.perfringens-challenged birds. On the other hand, the Eimeria challenge also altered the expression of genes related to barrier function and metabolism, and increased the expression of genes related to immune response and oxidative stress. The panel developed in the current study gives us an overview of genes and pathways involved in broiler response to pathogen challenge. It also allows us to deep into the study of diferences in gene expression pattern and magnitude of responses under either a coccidial vaccine or a NE.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Scientific Reports, 2021, vol. 11, p. 1-14
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ISSN: 2045-2322
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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