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Title: Paleozoic geodynamics and architecture of the Mongolian Altai Zone
Author: Sukhbaatar, Turbold
Lexa, Ondrej
Schulmann, Karel
Aguilar Gil, Carmen María
típská, Pavla
Wong, Jean
Jiang, Yingde
Míková, Jitka
Zhao, Dingy
Keywords: Geodinàmica
Paleozoic period
Issue Date: 26-May-2022
Publisher: European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Abstract: The Mongolian Altai Zone is a part of the extensive Cambrian-Ordovician accretionary system located at the junction of the Siberian craton to the north and Tarim and North China cratons to the south. It extends approximately 2,000 km from Russia to Mongolia and represents one of the critical elements for reconstructing the early Paleozoic geodynamics of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt (CAOB). The studied section comprises a succession of deformed low- and high-grade metasedimentary rocks characterised by dominant terrigenous components mixed with volcanogenic material. The detrital zircons analysis revealed two separate groups a) more mature siliciclastic sediments (mostly sandstones) with maximum depositional age of Cambrian-Ordovician (ca. 463-489 Ma; zircon U-Pb) and b) more juvenile greywacke type sediments with Ordovician-Silurian (ca. 438-446 Ma; zircon U-Pb) maximum depositional age. UPb ages of detrital zircons show Cambrian-Ordovician (εHf(t) values -24.8 to +16.0) and Late Archean to Neoproterozoic source (εHf(t) values -35.5 to +10.4) and are interpreted as derived from the Ikh Mongol continental arc and the Baydrag continent. The greywackes, in addition, contain Silurian detrital zircons, with εHf(t) values from -0.5 to +13, suggesting syn-depositional contribution of juvenile material from a nearby magmatic arc. Both types of sediments are affected by Devonian (ca. 369-382 Ma; zircon U-Pb) metamorphism and magmatism granites, as well as stroingly reworked during the Permian (ca. 271-296; zircon U-Pb) under various metamorphic conditions. Late Devonian granitoids associated with felsic migmatites, and their zircon εHf(t) values from -9.5 to +13.5, indicate extensive melting of the sedimentary pile. A Permian high-temperature metamorphism is associated with granodiorite intrusions (εHf(t) values from -22.0 to +12.6) that contain Devonian zircon xenocrysts, suggesting melting of a Devonian source. The tectonic evolution of the Mongolian Altai Zone can be discretized in four events from which the first two were related to early Paleozoic metamorphic and magmatic evolution. The third one is associated with crustal-scale detachment that exhumed the early Permian migmatitemagmatite core complex in the south. The whole edifice was later affected by significant PermianTriassic horizontal N-S shortening leading to juxtaposition of contrasting crustal levels thereby forming 'apparent' terrane structure of the Mongolian Altai Zone. The whole edifice is interpreted as a Cambrian to Silurian fore-arc, affected by Devonian syn-extensional deep crustal melting. In addition, the Permian anatectic zone is interpreted as a deep part of an inverted continental rift.
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It is part of: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 2022, vol. 22, num. 4701
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ISSN: 1029-7006
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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