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Title: Stoic attitude in patients with cancer from the NEOcoping study: cross-sectional study
Author: Gómez, David
Carmona Bayonas, Alberto
Hernández San Gil, Raquel
Higuera, Oliver
Rogado Revuelta, Jacobo
Pacheco-Barcia, Vilma
Valero, María
Gil-Raga, Mireia
Muñoz, Maria del Mar
Carrión Galindo, Rafael
Jiménez Fonseca, Paula
Calderón Garrido, Caterina
Keywords: Malalts de càncer
Actitud (Psicologia)
Cancer patients
Attitude (Psychology)
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2022
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Aim: Stoicism has been applied to describe a wide range of behaviors in the face of disease and influences an individual's use of coping strategies. This study tested the relationship between stoicism and social support, optimism, psychological distress, and coping strategies in patients with cancer. Method: NEOcoping is a multicenter, cross-sectional study. Participants' data were collected using a standardized, self-report form and LSS, MSPSS, Mini-MAC, BSI-18, and LOT-R questionnaires. Linear regression analyses were used to assess the association between stoicism and distress scores in both genders. A total of 932 individuals with non-metastatic, resected cancer were recruited. Results: Males perceived a higher risk of recurrence and toxicity with adjuvant chemotherapy and obtained higher stoic attitude scores than females. Women scored higher on somatization, depression, and anxiety. Patients with high stoicism scores were older and experienced more maladaptive coping (helplessness, anxious preoccupation), and depression, while those with lower stoicism scores had greater perceived social support, optimism, and positive attitude. In both males and females, stoicism correlated negatively with perceived social support, optimism, and positive attitude, and positively with helplessness, anxious preoccupation, and depression. In men, stoicism was directly and negatively associated with social support and optimism, and positively with anxious preoccupation. In women, stoicism was positively associated. In women, stoicism was directly and negatively associated with social support and positively with age and optimism. Stoicism was directly and positively associated with helplessness. Discussion: A stoic attitude was associated with lower social support, reduced optimism, and passive coping strategies (helplessness and anxious preoccupation) in this series of patients with cancer.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2022, vol. 17, num. 7, p. e0269712
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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