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Title: Dignity and psychosocial related variables in elderly advanced cancer patients
Author: Martín-Abreu, C.M.
Hernández, R.
Cruz-Castellanos, P.
Fernández-Montes, A.
Lorente-Estellés, D.
López-Ceballos, H.
Ostios-García, L.
Antoñanzas Basa, Mónica
Jiménez Fonseca, Paula
Calderón Garrido, Caterina
Calderon, C.
Keywords: Dignitat
Issue Date: 6-Sep-2022
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Abstract Introduction: Most cancers occur in older individuals, who are more vulnerable due to functional impairment, multiple comorbidities, cognitive impairment, and lack of socio‑familial support. These can undermine patients' sense of dignity. This study seeks to compare dignity scores in older patients with advanced cancer on sociodemographic and clinical variables and analyze the predictive value of anxiety, depression, functional limitations, and social support on dignity scores. Methods: A prospective, multicenter, observational study conducted with participation of 15 hospitals in Spain from February 2020 to October 2021. Patients with newly‑diagnosed, advanced cancer completed the dignity (PPDS), anxiety and depression (BSI), Social Support (Duke-UNC‑11), and functional limitations (EORTC‑C30) scales. Lineal regression analyses explored the effects of anxiety, depression, functional status, and social support on dignity, adjusting for sociodemographic and clinical variables. Results: A total of 180 subjects participated in this study. The results of the correlation analysis revealed that dignity correlated negatively with anxiety, depression, and sex, and positively with social support, functional status, and longer estimated survival. Thus, women, and more anxious and depressed individuals scored lower on the dignity scale, whereas patients with more social support, fewer functional limitations, and longer estimated survival scored higher. Conclusion: In conclusion, being female, having a lower educational level, lower estimated survival, depression, anxiety, less social support, and limited functionality are correlated with less dignity in the elderly with advanced cancer. It is a priority to manage both physical and psychological symptoms in patients with unresectable advanced cancer to mitigate psychological distress and increase their sense of dignity
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: BMC Geriatrics, 2022, num. 22, p. 2-8
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ISSN: 1471-2318
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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