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Title: Advances in problematic usage of the internet research – A narrative review by experts from the European network for problematic usage of the internet
Author: Fineberg, Naomi A.
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Hall, Natalie
Dell'Osso, Bernardo
Brand, Matthias
Potenza, Marc N.
Chamberlain, Samuel R.
Cirnigliaro, Giovanna
Lochner, Christine
Billieux, Joël
Demetrovics, Zsolt
Rumpf, Hans Jürgen
Müller, Astrid
Castro Calvo, Jesús
Hollander, Eric
Burkauskas, Julius
Grünblatt, Edna
Walitza, Susanne
Corazza, Ornella
King, Daniel L.
Stein, Dan J.
Grant, Jon E.
Pallanti, Stefano
Bowden Jones, Henrietta
Ameringen, Michael Van
Ioannidis, Konstantinos
Carmi, Lior
Goudriaan, Anna E.
Martinotti, Giovanni
Sales, Célia M.d.
Jones, Julia
Gjoneska, Biljiana
Király, Orsolya
Benatti, Beatrice
Vismara, Matteo
Pellegrini, Luca
Conti, Dario
Cataldo, Ilaria
Riva, Gianluigi M.
Yücel, Murat
Flayelle, Maèva
Hall, Thomas
Griffiths, Morgan
Zohar, Joseph
Keywords: Pandèmia de COVID-19, 2020-
Addicció a Internet
COVID-19 Pandemic, 2020-
Internet addiction
Issue Date: 1-Oct-2022
Publisher: Elsevier BV
Abstract: Global concern about problematic usage of the internet (PUI), and its public health and societal costs, continues to grow, sharpened in focus under the privations of the COVID-19 pandemic. This narrative review reports the expert opinions of members of the largest international network of researchers on PUI in the framework of the European Cooperation in Science and Technology (COST) Action (CA 16207), on the scientific progress made and the critical knowledge gaps remaining to be filled as the term of the Action reaches its conclusion. A key advance has been achieving consensus on the clinical definition of various forms of PUI. Based on the overarching public health principles of protecting individuals and the public from harm and promoting the highest attainable standard of health, the World Health Organisation has introduced several new structured diagnoses into the ICD-11, including gambling disorder, gaming disorder, compulsive sexual behaviour disorder, and other unspecified or specified disorders due to addictive behaviours, alongside naming online activity as a diagnostic specifier. These definitions provide for the first time a sound platform for developing systematic networked research into various forms of PUI at global scale. Progress has also been made in areas such as refining and simplifying some of the available assessment instruments, clarifying the underpinning brain-based and social determinants, and building more empirically based etiological models, as a basis for therapeutic intervention, alongside public engagement initiatives. However, important gaps in our knowledge remain to be tackled. Principal among these include a better understanding of the course and evolution of the PUI-related problems, across different age groups, genders and other specific vulnerable groups, reliable methods for early identification of individuals at risk (before PUI becomes disordered), efficacious preventative and therapeutic interventions and ethical health and social policy changes that adequately safeguard human digital rights. The paper concludes with recommendations for achievable research goals, based on longitudinal analysis of a large multinational cohort co-designed with public stakeholders.
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It is part of: Comprehensive Psychiatry, 2022, vol. 118, p. 152346
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ISSN: 1532-8384
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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