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Title: Elevated Cerebrospinal Fluid Proteins and Albumin Determine a Poor Prognosis for Spinal Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis
Author: Assialioui, Abdelilah
Domínguez, Raúl
Ferrer, Isidro
Andrés Benito, Pol
Povedano, Mónica
Keywords: Albúmines
Esclerosi lateral amiotròfica
Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis
Issue Date: 21-Sep-2022
Publisher: MDPI AG
Abstract: Amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS) is a heterogeneous disease, both in its onset phenotype and in its rate of progression. The aim of this study was to establish whether the dysfunction of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and blood-spinal cord barrier (BSCB) measured through cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) proteins and the albumin-quotient (QAlb) are related to the speed of disease progression. An amount of 246 patients diagnosed with ALS were included. CSF and serum samples were determined biochemically for different parameters. Survival analysis based on phenotype shows higher probability of death for bulbar phenotype compared to spinal phenotype (p-value: 0.0006). For the effect of CSF proteins, data shows an increased risk of death for spinal ALS patients as the value of CSF proteins increases. The same model replicated for CSF albumin yielded similar results. Statistical models determined that the lowest cut-off value for CSF proteins able to differentiate patients with a good prognosis and worse prognosis corresponds to CSF proteins >= 0.5 g/L (p-value: 0.0189). For the CSF albumin, the QAlb >= 0.65 is associated with elevated probability of death (p-value: 0.0073). High levels of QAlb are a bad prognostic indicator for the spinal phenotype, in addition to high CSF proteins levels that also act as a marker of poor prognosis.
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It is part of: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, vol. 23, núm. 19, p. 11063
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ISSN: 1422-0067
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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