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Title: 'Maternal vaccination greatly depends on your trust in the healtcare system': a qualitative study on the acceptability of maternal vaccines among pregnant women and healthcare workers in Barcelona, Spain
Author: Marín Cos, Anna
Marbán Castro, Elena
Nedic, Ivana
Ferrari, Mara
Crespo Mirasol, Esther
Ferrer, Laia
Noya Zamora, Berta
Fumadó, Victoria
Menéndez, Clara
Martínez Bueno, Cristina
Llupià, Anna
López, Marta
Goncé Mellgren, Anna
Keywords: Embaràs
Vacunació dels infants
Personal sanitari
Vaccination of children
Medical personnel
Issue Date: 25-Nov-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: The World Health Organization (WHO) identified vaccine hesitancy as one of the top 10 threats to global health in 2019. Health promotion and education have been seen to improve knowledge and uptake of vaccinations in pregnancy. This qualitative study was conducted based on phenomenology, a methodological approach to understand first-hand experiences, and grounded theory, an inductive approach to analyse data, where theoretical generalisations emerge. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with pregnant women attending antenatal care services and healthcare workers (HCWs) in Barcelona, Spain. Interviews were audio-recorded, transcribed, and coded, and notes were taken. Inductive thematic analysis was performed, and data were manually coded. Pertussis was reported as the most trusted vaccine among pregnant women due to its long-standing background as a recommended vaccine in pregnancy. The influenza vaccine was regarded as less important since it was perceived to cause mild disease. The COVID-19 vaccine was the least trustworthy for pregnant women due to uncertainties about effectiveness, health effects in the mid- and long-term, the fast development of the vaccine mRNA technology, and the perceptions of limited data on vaccine safety. However, the necessity to be vaccinated was justified by pregnant women due to the exceptional circumstances of the COVID-19 pandemic. The recommendations provided by HCW and the established relationship between the HCW, particularly midwives, and pregnant women were the main factors affecting decision-making. The role of mass media was perceived as key to helping provide reliable messages about the need for vaccines during pregnancy. Overall, vaccines administered during pregnancy were perceived as great tools associated with better health and improved quality of life. Pregnancy was envisioned as a vulnerable period in women's lives that required risk-benefits assessments for decision-making about maternal vaccinations. A holistic approach involving the community and society was considered crucial for health education regarding maternal vaccines in support of the work conducted by HCWs.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Vaccines, 2022, vol. 10, num. 12
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ISSN: 2076-393X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)

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