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Title: Exposure to tobacco impressions during prime-time TV among Chilean minors by sex and socioeconomic status
Author: Peruga, Armando
Castillo Laborde, Carla
Matute, Isabel
Molina, Xaviera
Urrejola, Oscar
Aguilera, Ximena
Keywords: Tabac
Receptors de televisió
Television receivers
Issue Date: 9-Nov-2022
Publisher: E.U. European Publishing
Abstract: INTRODUCTION We tested if tobacco impressions were delivered differentially to prime-time TV watching minors by sex and socioeconomic status. METHODS Programs aired during prime-time for three random weeks in 2019 from the 15 highest audience channels in Chile were content-analyzed for the occurrence of tobacco for each one-minute interval of 92639 recorded. Such occurrences were categorized as actual use and whether they violated Chilean smoke-free law or tobacco brand appearances. We estimated the number of persons per hour (p/h) exposed to tobacco impressions for the 4 to 17 years age group by sex and socioeconomic status (SES). RESULTS Minors spent over a billion p/h watching TV during the observation period. Minors were exposed to tobacco explicit use, branding and smoke-free violation impressions for 9.7 million, 1.2 million, and 1.0 million p/h, respectively. The odds ratios (OR) of exposure to total tobacco impressions were always greater among boys with higher SES compared to boys with low SES. However, they were greater among girls of low SES compared to those of high SES for all types of impressions. The OR of exposure to tobacco branding was higher among girls of any SES compared to boys of any SES. CONCLUSIONS Minors need protection from tobacco imagery on television, particularly girls of low SES. To that end, new legislation should implement all measures to counter depictions of tobacco in entertainment media, as recommended in the WHO FCTC Article 13 guidelines. This should require strong anti-tobacco advertisements before any TV program portraying tobacco targeting minor audiences, particularly girls of low SES. Given that Chile has one of the highest prevalences in the world of current cigarette smoking among young females, the potential contribution of tobacco impressions on TV to smoking differentials across female socioeconomic groups should be further studied.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Tobacco Induced Diseases, 2022, vol. 20, núm. 11, p. 1-5
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ISSN: 1617-9625
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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