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Title: Towards an agroecological transition in the Mediterranean: A bioeconomic assessment of viticulture farming
Author: Gil Pujol, Jaume
Alter, Elena
La Rota Aguilera, María José
Tello, Enric
Galletto, Vittorio
Padró i Caminal, Roc
Martínez, Teresa
Darnay, Soazig
Marull, Joan
Keywords: Agricultura biològica
Ecologia agrícola
Organic farming
Agricultural ecology
Issue Date: 20-Dec-2022
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Transformations in the agri-food system since the early 19th century have led to an unprecedented increase in food production. However, the structure of this system has generated many negative environmental and social impacts that threaten the sustainability at the local, regional and global scale. This situation entails the need for an agroecological transition that leads to an agri-food model that is aware of the planetary boundaries and guarantees the reproduction of human and all other forms of life. Agroecology is crucial for the Mediterranean, where the negative environmental and social impacts of industrial agriculture are particularly evident. The aim of this paper is to present a best practice viticulture farming that is in an advanced level of agroecological transition in the region. The results show that the energy efficiency of this agroecosystem is greater to conventional farms in the region, while generating similar financial returns but more equally distributed than the big agro-industrial companies in the sector. Based on this best practice case study, we provide several methodological and practical insights on the energy balance of the farm system, supplemented by data on the value-added distribution from wholesaler selling back to the industrial winemaking and vine-growing incomes, and the final financial returns of the company. The results highlight the need of multifactorial analyses that contribute to a systemic perspective on the synergic elements and leverage points for scaling-up the agroecological transition of Mediterranean viticulture.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal Of Cleaner Production, 2022, vol. 380(2), num. 134999
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ISSN: 0959-6526
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Història Econòmica, Institucions, Política i Economia Mundial)

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