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Title: Multiple linear regression MOS for short-term wind power forecast
Author: Ranaboldo, Matteo
Director/Tutor: Codina, Bernat
Giebel, Gregor
Keywords: Energia eòlica
Treballs de fi de màster
Mètodes estadístics
Wind power
Statistical methods
Master's theses
Issue Date: 28-Jul-2011
Abstract: Short-term (0 - 36 h ahead) wind power forecast is a central issue for the correct management of a grid connected wind farm. A combination of physical and statistical treatments to post-process Numerical Weather Predictions (NWP) outputs is needed for successful short-term wind power forecasts. One of the most promising and effective approaches for statistical treatment is the Model Output Statistics (MOS) technique. In this study a MOS based on multiple linear regression is proposed: the model screens the most relevant NWP forecast variables and selects best predictors in order to fit a regression equation that minimizes the forecast errors, utilizing wind farm power output measurements as input. The performance of the method is evaluated in two wind farms, located in different topographical areas and with different NWP grid spacing. Due to the high seasonal variability of NWP forecasts, it was considered appropriate to implement monthly stratified MOS. In both wind farms, first predictors were always wind speeds (at different heights) or friction velocity. When friction velocity is the first predictor, proposed MOS forecasts resulted to be highly dependent on the friction velocity - wind speed correlation. Negligible improvements were encountered when including more than 2 predictors in the regression equation. Proposed MOS performed well in both wind farms and its forecasts compare positively with actual operative model in use at Risø DTU and other MOS types, showing minimum BIAS and improving NWP power forecast of around 15% in terms of root mean square error. Further improvements could be obtained by the implementation of a more refined MOS stratification, e.g. fitting specific equations in different synoptic situations.
Note: Màster en Meteorologia. Directors: Bernat Codina i Gregor Giebel
Appears in Collections:Màster Oficial - Meteorologia

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