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Title: Exopolysaccharide ID1 Improves Post-Warming Outcomes after Vitrification of In Vitro-Produced Bovine Embryos
Author: Ordóñez-León, Erika Alina
Martínez-Rodero, Iris
García-Martínez, Tania
López Béjar, Manel
Yeste Velasco, Marc
Mercadé Gil, M. Elena
Mogas, Teresa
Keywords: Vitrificació
Issue Date: 25-Jun-2022
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: This study aimed to assess the cryoprotectant role of exopolysaccharide (EPS) ID1, produced by Antarctic Pseudomonas sp., in the vitrification of in vitro-produced (IVP) bovine embryos. IVP day 7 (D7) and day 8 (D8) expanded blastocysts derived from cow or calf oocytes were vitrified without supplementation (EPS0) or supplemented with 10 g/mL (EPS10) or 100 g/mL (EPS100) EPS ID1. The effect of EPS ID1 was assessed in post-warming re-expansion and hatching rates, differential cell count, apoptosis rate, and gene expression. EPS100 re-expansion rates were significantly higher than those observed for the EPS0 and EPS10 treatments, regardless of culture length or oocyte source. EPS100 hatching rate was similar to the one of the fresh blastocysts except for those D7 blastocysts derived from calf oocytes. No differences were observed among EPS ID1 treatments when the inner cell mass, trophectoderm, and total cell number were assessed. Although apoptosis rates were higher (p 0.05) in vitrified groups compared to fresh embryos, EPS100 blastocysts had a lower number (p 0.05) of apoptotic nuclei than the EPS0 or EPS10 groups. No differences in the expression of BCL2, AQP3, CX43, and SOD1 genes between treatments were observed. Vitrification without EPS ID1 supplementation produced blastocysts with significantly higher BAX gene expression, whereas treatment with 100 g/mL EPS ID1 returned BAX levels to those observed in non-vitrified blastocysts. Our results suggest that 100 g/mL EPS ID1 added to the vitrification media is beneficial for embryo cryopreservation because it results in higher re-expansion and hatching ability and it positively modulates apoptosis.
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It is part of: International Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, vol. 23, num. 7069
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ISSN: 1661-6596
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient)

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