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Title: Identification of the most vulnerable populations in the psychosocial sphere: a cross-sectional study conducted in Catalonia during the strict lockdown imposed against the COVID-19 pandemic.
Author: Farrés, Judith
Ruiz, José Luis
Mas, José Manuel
Arias, Lilibeth
Sarrias Fornés, Maria Rosa
Armengol, Carolina
Cardona, Pere-Joan
Muñoz-Moreno, José A.
Vilaplana, Miriam
Arranz, Belén
Usall i Rodié, Judith
Serrano Blanco, Antoni
Vilaplana, Cristina
Keywords: COVID-19
Aïllament social
Salut pública
Administració sanitària
Vulnerabilitat (Tret de la personalitat)
Social isolation
Public health
Health services administration
Vulnerability (Personality trait)
Issue Date: 26-Nov-2021
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Abstract: Design and objectives A cross-sectional study to evaluate the impact of COVID-19 on the psychosocial sphere in both the general population and healthcare workers (HCWs). Methods The study was conducted in Catalonia (Spain) during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic when strict lockdown was in force. The study population included all people aged over 16 years who consented to participate in the study and completed the survey, in this case a 74-question questionnaire shared via social media using snowball sampling. A total of 56 656 completed survey questionnaires were obtained between 3 and 19 April 2020. The primary and secondary outcome measures included descriptive statistics for the non-psychological questions and the psychological impact of the pandemic, such as depression, anxiety, stress and post-traumatic stress disorder question scores. Results A n early and markedly negative impact on family finances, fear of working with COVID-19 patients and ethical issues related to COVID-19 care among HCWs was observed. A total of seven target groups at higher risk of impaired mental health and which may therefore benefit from an intervention were identified, namely women, subjects aged less than 42 years, people with a care burden, socioeconomically deprived groups, people with unskilled or unqualified jobs, patients with COVID-19 and HCWs working with patients with COVID-19. Conclusions Active implementation of specific strategies to increase resilience and to prepare an adequate organisational response should be encouraged for the seven groups identified as high risk and susceptible to benefit from an intervention.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: BMJ Open, 2021, vol. 11, num. 11, p. e052140
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ISSN: 2044-6055
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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