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Title: Characterization of the Outer Coast Tuff Formation - A way to unravelling the magmatic processes preceding and triggering Deception Island's caldera-forming eruption (Antarctica)
Author: Vilanova, Oriol
Aulinas Juncà, Meritxell
Geyer Traver, Adelina
Marti, Joan
Álvarez Valero, Antoni M.
Albert Mínguez, Helena
Gisbert Pinto, Guillem
Keywords: Volcans
Issue Date: 19-Apr-2021
Publisher: European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Abstract: Deception Island (South Shetland Islands), discovered in 1820, is one of the most active volcanoes in Antarctica with more than 20 eruptions (including the historic eruptions of 1967, 1969 and 1970) and three documented volcanic unrest events (1992, 1999 and 2014-15) over the past two centuries. Deception Island currently hosts two scientific bases, which operate every year during the Austral summer, and is also one of the most popular tourist destinations in Antarctica. The island is a composite volcano with a centrally located caldera of 8.5 x 10 km dated at 3,980 ± 125 yr. BP. During the caldera-forming event, between 30 and 60 km3 (Dense Rock Equivalent-DRE) of magma, erupted in the form of dense basaltic-andesitic pyroclastic density current deposits. During the last decades, Deception Island has been intensively investigated but some aspects regarding the magmatic processes associated with the formation of its caldera collapse are still under research and debate. For instance, characterizing the magmatic conditions and processes that triggered the huge explosive event is crucial to understand the past (and in turn the future) magmatic and volcanic evolution of the island.
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It is part of: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 2021, vol. EGU21, num. 2840
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ISSN: 1029-7006
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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