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Title: Downregulation of Tomato STEROL GLYCOSYLTRANSFERASE 1 Perturbs Plant Development and Facilitates Viroid Infection
Author: Cisneros, Adriana E.
Lisón, Purificación
Campos, Laura
López-Tubau, Joan Manel
Altabella Artigas, Teresa
Ferrer i Prats, Albert
Daròs, José-Antonio
Carbonell, Alberto
Keywords: Tomàquets
Issue Date: 16-Sep-2022
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: Potato spindle tuber viroid (PSTVd) is a plant pathogen naturally infecting economically important crops such as tomato (Solanum lycopersicum). Here, we aimed to engineer tomato plants highly resistant to PSTVd and developed several S. lycopersicum lines expressing an artificial microRNA (amiRNA) against PSTVd (amiR-PSTVd). Infectivity assays revealed that amiR-PSTVd-expressing lines were not resistant but rather hypersusceptible to the viroid. A combination of phenotypic, molecular and metabolic analyses of amiRNA-expressing lines non-inoculated with the viroid revealed that amiR-PSTVd was accidentally silencing the tomato STEROL GLYCOSYLTRANSFERASE 1 (SlSGT1) gene, which caused late developmental and reproductive defects such as leaf epinasty, dwarfism or reduced fruit size. Importantly, two independent transgenic tomato lines each expressing a different amiRNA specifically designed to target SlSGT1 were also hypersusceptible to PSTVd, thus confirming that downregulation of SlSGT1 was responsible for the viroid hypersusceptibility phenotype. Our results highlight the role of SGTs in proper plant development and indicate that the unbalance of sterol glycosylation levels favors viroid infection most likely by facilitating viroid movement.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Experimental Botany, 2022
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ISSN: 0022-0957
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia, Sanitat i Medi Ambient)
Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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