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dc.contributor.authorBartra, Clara-
dc.contributor.authorIrisarri, Alba-
dc.contributor.authorVilloslada, Ainhoa-
dc.contributor.authorCorpas Expósito, Rubén-
dc.contributor.authorAguirre, Samuel-
dc.contributor.authorGarcía-Lara, Elisa-
dc.contributor.authorSuñol, Cristina-
dc.contributor.authorPallàs i Llibería, Mercè, 1964--
dc.contributor.authorGriñán Ferré, Christian-
dc.contributor.authorSanfeliu i Pujol, Coral-
dc.description.abstractModulation of Alzheimer's disease (AD) risk begins early in life. During embryo development and postnatal maturation, the brain receives maternal physiological influences and establishes epigenetic patterns that build its level of resilience to late-life diseases. The soluble epoxide hydrolase inhibitor N-[1-(1-oxopropyl)-4-piperidinyl]-N'-[4-(trifluoromethoxy)phenyl] urea (TPPU), reported as ant-inflammatory and neuroprotective against AD pathology in the adult 5XFAD mouse model of AD, was administered to wild-type (WT) female mice mated to heterozygous 5XFAD males during gestation and lactation. Two-month-old 5XFAD male and female offspring of vehicle-treated dams showed memory loss as expected. Remarkably, maternal treatment with TPPU fully prevented memory loss in 5XFAD. TPPU-induced brain epigenetic changes in both WT and 5XFAD mice, modulating global DNA methylation (5-mC) and hydroxymethylation (5-hmC) and reducing the gene expression of some histone deacetylase enzymes (Hdac1 and Hdac2), might be on the basis of the long-term neuroprotection against cognitive impairment and neurodegeneration. In the neuropathological analysis, both WT and 5XFAD offspring of TPPU-treated dams showed lower levels of AD biomarkers of tau hyperphosphorylation and microglia activation (Trem2) than the offspring of vehicle-treated dams. Regarding sex differences, males and females were similarly protected by maternal TPPU, but females showed higher levels of AD risk markers of gliosis and neurodegeneration. Taken together, our results reveal that maternal treatment with TPPU impacts in preventing or delaying memory loss and AD pathology by inducing long-term modifications in the epigenetic machinery and its marks.-
dc.relation.isformatofReproducció del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences, 2022, vol. 23, num. 23, p. 15151-
dc.rightscc-by (c) Bartra, Clara et al., 2022-
dc.subject.classificationMalaltia d'Alzheimer-
dc.subject.otherAlzheimer's disease-
dc.titleNeuroprotective Epigenetic Changes Induced by Maternal Treatment with an Inhibitor of Soluble Epoxide Hydrolase Prevents Early Alzheimer's Disease Neurodegeneration-
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (IDIBAPS: Institut d'investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer)
Articles publicats en revistes (Farmacologia, Toxicologia i Química Terapèutica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Neurociències (UBNeuro))

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