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Title: Comparative Study of Donepezil-Loaded Formulations for the Treatment of Alzheimer's Disease by Nasal Administration
Author: Espinoza, Lupe Carolina
Guaya, Diana
Calpena Campmany, Ana Cristina
Perotti, Rodolfo Miguel
Halbaut, Lyda
Sosa Díaz, Lilian Elisa
Brito-Llera, Adriel
Mallandrich Miret, Mireia
Keywords: Malaltia d'Alzheimer
Alzheimer's disease
Issue Date: 5-Nov-2022
Abstract: Abstract: Alzheimer's disease is characterized by a progressive deterioration of neurons resulting in a steady loss of cognitive functions and memory. Many treatments encounter the challenge of overcoming the blood-brain barrier, thus the intranasal route is a non-invasive effective alternative that enhances the drug delivery in the target organ-the brain-and reduces the side effects associated with systemic administration. This study aimed at developing intranasal gels of donepezil as an approach to Alzheimer's disease. Three different gels were elaborated and characterized in terms of pH, morphology, gelation temperature, rheology, and swelling. An in vitro release study and an ex vivo permeation in porcine nasal mucosa were conducted on Franz diffusion cells. The tolerability of the formulations was determined by the cytotoxicity in human nasal cells RPMI 2650. Results showed that pluronic gels exhibit the higher release rate and enhanced permeation compared to chitosan gel. Moreover, the combination of Pluronic F-127 and Transcutol® P exerted a synergic effect on the permeation of donepezil through the nasal mucosa. The resulting gels showed suitable tolerance in the RPMI 2650 cell line and physicochemical characteristics for intranasal delivery, and thus gel formulations administered by nasal mucosa could be an alternative strategy to improve the bioavailability of donepezil.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Gels, 2022, vol. 8, num. 715, p. 1-16
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ISSN: 2310-2861
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Farmàcia, Tecnologia Farmacèutica i Fisicoquímica)

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