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Title: Bronchiolitis, epidemiological changes during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic
Author: Guitart, Carmina
Bobillo Pérez, Sara
Alejandre, Carme
Armero, Georgina
Launes Montaña, Cristian
Cambra Lasaosa, Francisco José
Balaguer Gargallo, Mònica
Jordán García, Iolanda
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2
Malalties de l'aparell respiratori en els infants
Malalties víriques
Respiratory diseases in children
Virus diseases
Issue Date: 24-Jan-2022
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Background: Bronchiolitis is the most common viral infection of the lower respiratory tract in infants under 2 years of age. The aim of this study was to analyze and compare the seasonal bronchiolitis peaks before and during the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic. Methods: Descriptive, prospective, and observational study. Patients with severe bronchiolitis admitted to the Pediatric Intensive Care Unit (PICU) of a referral tertiary hospital between September 2010 and June 2021 were included. Demographic data were collected. Viral laboratory-confirmation was carried out. Each season was analyzed and compared. The daily average temperature was collected. Results: 1116 patients were recruited, 58.2% of them males. The median age was 49 days. Respiratory syncytial virus (RSV) was isolated in 782 cases (70.1%). In April 2021, the first and only case of bronchiolitis caused by SARS-CoV-2 was identified. The pre- and post-pandemic periods were compared. There were statistically significant differences regarding: age, 47 vs. 73 days (p = 0.006), PICU and hospital length of stay (p = 0.024 and p = 0.001, respectively), and etiology (p = 0.031). The peak for bronchiolitis in 2020 was non-existent before week 52. A delayed peak was seen around week 26/2021. The mean temperature during the epidemic peak was 10ºC for the years of the last decade and is 23ºC for the present season. Conclusion: The COVID-19 pandemic outbreak has led to a clearly observable epidemiological change regarding acute bronchiolitis, which should be studied in detail. The influence of the environmental temperature does not seem to determine the viral circulation.
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It is part of: BMC Infectious Diseases, 2022, vol. 22, num. 1, p. 84
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ISSN: 1471-2334
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cirurgia i Especialitats Medicoquirúrgiques)

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