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Title: A Cadaver Based Comparison of Two Elastic Tension Proximal Interphalangeal Joint (PIPJ) Extension Orthoses with Focus on Force Generation and Pressure Distribution
Author: Punsola-Izard, Vicenç
Carnicero, Nuria
Ozaes-Lara, Elena
Mendieta-Zamora, Judit
Romera-Orfila, Gemma
Schultz, Karen S.
Llusá Pérez, Manuel
Casado, Aroa
Keywords: Dits
Contracció muscular
Muscle contraction
Issue Date: 13-Apr-2023
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Proximal interphalangeal joint flexion contracture is a frequent condition in hand therapy. Clinicians most frequently apply orthosis management for conservative treatment. Orthoses should apply forces for long periods of time following the total end range time (TERT) concept. These forces necessarily transmit through the skin; however, skin has physiological limitations determined by blood flow. Using three fresh frozen human cadavers, this study quantified and compared forces, skin contact surfaces and pressure of two finger orthoses, an elastic tension digital neoprene orthosis (ETDNO) and an LMB 501 orthosis. The study also investigated the effects of a new method of orthosis construction (serial ETDNO orthoses) that customizes forces to a specific finger position. We evaluated forces and contact surfaces for multiple ETDNO models tailored to the cadaver fingers in multiple PIP flexion positions. The results showed that the LMB 501 orthosis applied pressures beyond the recommended limits if applied for more than eight hours a day. This fact was the cause of time limited LMB orthosis application. This results also show that, at 30° of PIPJ flexion, straight ETDNOs created a mean pressure approaching the end of the recommended pressure limits. If the therapist modified the ETDNO design, the skin pressure decreased and reduced the risk of skin damage. With the results of this study, we concluded that for PIPJ flexion contracture, the upper limit of force application is 200 g (1.96 N). Forces beyond this amount would likely cause skin irritation and possibly skin injuries. This would cause a reduction in the daily TERT and limit outcomes.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Clinical Medicine, 2023, vol. 12, num. 8, p. 1-15
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ISSN: 2077-0383
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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