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Title: Factors associated with cognitive impairment in Latin American older adults: A cross‐sectional observational study of COVID‐19 confinement
Author: Ramos Henderson, Miguel
Soto Añari, Marcio
Herrera Pino, Jorge
Porto, María F.
Camargo, Loida
Hesse, Heike
Ferrel Ortega, Robert
Quispe Ayala, Cesar
García de la Cadena, Claudia
Mendoza Ruvalcaba, Neyda
Caldichoury, Nicole
Castellanos, Cesar
Varón, Claudia
Aguilar, Dolores
Antezana, Regulo
Martinez, Juan
Román, Norbel
Boza, Carolina
Ducassou, Alejandro
Saldías, Carol
López, Norman
Keywords: COVID-19
Confinament (Emergència sanitària)
Confinement (Sanitary emergency)
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2023
Publisher: Wiley
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: The effects of COVID-19 confinement have been severe, especially in older adults. Therefore, we analyzed the factors associated with cognitive impairment (CI) in Latin America (LA). METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional observational study with a total of 5245 older adults from 10 countries in LA. Measurement: We used the Telephone Montreal Cognitive Assessment (T-MoCA) and the Eight-item Informant Interview to Differentiate Aging and Dementia (AD8) scale. RESULTS: We found that age, depressive symptomatology, bone fractures, being widowed, having a family member with dementia, and unemployment were associated with an increased risk of CI. In contrast, higher education, hypertension with continuous treatment, quarantine, and keeping stimulating cognitive and physical activities were associated with a lower probability of CI. No significant association was found between suffering from diabetes or being retired and CI. DISCUSSION: It is essential to conduct follow-up studies on these factors, considering their relationship with CI and the duration of confinement.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Alzheimer's & Dementia: Diagnosis, Assessment & Disease Monitoring, 2023, vol. 15, num. 2
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ISSN: 2352-8729
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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