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Title: Increased severity in SARS-CoV-2 infection of minorities in Spain
Author: Valls Carbo, Adrian
González del Castillo, Juan
Miró i Andreu, Òscar
Lopez-Ayala, Pedro
Jiménez, Sònia
Jacob, Javier
Bibiano, Carlos
Martín Sánchez, Francisco Javier
Keywords: COVID-19
Issue Date: 1-Dec-2021
Publisher: Sociedad Española de Quimioterapia
Abstract: Introduction: With the global spread of COVID-19, studies in the US and UK have shown that certain communities have been strongly impacted by COVID-19 in terms of incidence and mortality. The objective of the study was to determine social determinants of health among COVID-19 patients hospitalized in the two major cities of Spain. Material and methods: A multicenter retrospective case series study was performed collecting administrative databases of all COVID-19 patients ≥18 years belonging to two centers in Madrid and two in Barcelona (Spain) collecting data from 1st March to 15th April 2020. Variables obtained age, gender, birthplace and residence ZIP code. From ZIP code we obtained per capita income of the area. Predictors of the outcomes were explored through generalized linear mixed-effects models, using center as random effect. Results: There were 5,235 patients included in the analysis. After multivariable analysis adjusted by age, sex, per capita income, population density, hospital experience, center and hospital saturation, patients born in Latin American countries were found to have an increase in ICU admission rates (OR 1.56 [1.13-2.15], p<0.01) but no differences were found in the same model regarding mortality (OR 1.35 [0.95-1.92], p=0.09). Conclusions: COVID-19 severity varies widely, not only depending on biological but also socio-economic factors. With the emerging evidence that this subset of population is at higher risk of poorer outcomes, targeted public health strategies and studies are needed.
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It is part of: Revista Espanola de Quimioterapia, 2021, vol. 34, num. 6, p. 664-667
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ISSN: 0214-3429
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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