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Title: NE Baidrag block, Mongolia, records anticlockwise metamorphic paths at c. 890−790 Ma indicating peri-Rodinian back-arc compression followed with c. 560-520 Ma burial
Author: Stípská, Pavla
Perestý, Vit
Soejono, Igor
Schulmann, Karel
Collett, Stephen
Kylander Clark, Andrew R. C.
Aguilar Gil, Carmen María
Keywords: Geologia estructural
Structural geology
Issue Date: 23-Apr-2023
Publisher: European Geosciences Union (EGU)
Abstract: The Barrovian type metamorphism affecting the peri-Siberian tract of the Central Asian Orogenic Belt is mostly dated indirectly on zircon from (syn-tectonic) magmatic rocks as Late Proterozoic - Early Cambrian. However, in-situ monazite geochronology in micaschists and migmatite gneisses at the northern part of the Precambrian Baidrag block, central Mongolia, revealed that the Baikalian Late Proterozoic - Early Cambrian cycle overprints an earlier Tonian phase of metamorphism. The apparent Barrovian-type zoning ranging from garnet, staurolite, kyanite to kyanite/sillimanite migmatitic gneisses is thus false and points to hidden metamorphic discontinuities and mixed metamorphic histories from different times. Therefore, to decipher and interpret the record of different tectono-metamorphic events it is necessary to unreveal complete P-T-t paths from individual samples. Two localities with Tonian-age monazite show anticlockwise P-T paths: 1) Grt−Sil−Ky gneiss records burial to the sillimanite stability (~720°C, 6.0 kbar) followed by burial to the kyanite stability (~750°C, 9 kbar) and, 2) The Grt−St schist records burial to the staurolite stability field (~620°C, 6 kbar), further followed by almost isothermal burial (~590°C, 8.5 kbar). Based on monazite textural positon, internal zoning, and REE patterns, the time of prograde burial under a thermal gradient of 27-32°C/km is estimated at c. 890−853 Ma and further burial under a geothermal gradient of 18-22°C/km is dated at c. 835−815 Ma. On the other hand three localities with Late Proterozoic to Cambrian monazite ages show clockwise metamorphic paths at variable P-T gradients: 3) P-T conditions of the Grt schist reaches ~5 kbar and 500 °C and 4) the Grt−St−Ky schist reaches conditions of 9 kbar and 670 °C, indicating burial under a geothermal gradient of 20-26 °C/km. 5) Grt-Sil gneiss shows peak of 6-7 kbar and 700-750 °C, indicating melting conditions at 30-32 °C/km gradient. Monazite included in porphyroblasts and in the matrix indicate that these P-T conditions reached under variable geothermal gradient were semi-contemporaneous and occurred between 570 and 520 Ma. By correlation with published zircon ages of 600-530 Ma from granitoid magmatic rocks we suggest that the areas with higher geothermal gradient may be explained by closer vicinity of magmatic intrusions. These P−T and geochronology data from a continuous Barrovian metamorphic section suggest that anticlockwise P−T evolution from c. 930 to 750 Ma can be interpreted as a result of thickening of peri-Rodinian supra-subduction extensional and hot edifice. This metamorphic event was followed by a clockwise P−T evolution from c. 570 to 520 Ma possibly related to the collision of the Baidrag continental active margin with peri-Siberian continental mass further north.
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It is part of: Geophysical Research Abstracts, 2023, num. EGU23-15332
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ISSN: 1029-7006
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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