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dc.contributor.authorRedón, Lídia-
dc.contributor.authorSubirats i Vila, Xavier-
dc.contributor.authorChapel, Soraya-
dc.contributor.authorJanuarius, Timothy-
dc.contributor.authorBroeckhoven, Ken-
dc.contributor.authorRosés Pascual, Martí-
dc.contributor.authorCabooter, Deirdre-
dc.contributor.authorDesmet, Gert-
dc.description.abstractA detailed analysis of intra-particle volumes and layer thicknesses and their effect on the diffusion of solutes in hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography (HILIC) was made. Pycnometric measurements and the retention volume of deuterated mobile phase constituents (water and acetonitrile) were used to estimate the void volume inside the column, including not only the volume of the mobile phase but also part of the enriched water solvent acting as the stationary phase in HILIC. The mobile phase (hold-up) volume accessible to non-retained components was estimated using a homologous series approach. The joint analysis of the different approaches indicated the formation of enriched water layers on the hydrophobic silica mesopore walls with a thickness varying significantly with mobile phase composition. The maximal thickness of the enriched water layers, which corresponded to the minimum void volume accessible to unretained solutes, marked a transition in the retention behavior of the studied analytes. Discrepancies between deuterated solvent measurements and pycnometry were explained by the existence of an irreplaceable water layer adsorbed on the silica surface. Regarding the diffusion behavior in HILIC, peak parking experiments were used to interpret the influence of the acetonitrile content on the effective diffusion coefficient Deff. A systematic decrease in Deff and molecular diffusion Dm was observed with decreasing acetonitrile concentration, primarily attributed to variations in mobile phase viscosity. Notably, Deff/Dm remained nearly unaffected by variations in mobile phase composition. Finally, the effective medium theory was used to make a comprehensive analysis of Dpart/Dm to study the contribution to band broadening when the solute resides in the mesopores. The obtained data unveiled a curvature with a minimum corresponding to conditions of maximum water-layer thickness and retention. For the weakly retained compounds (k' < 0.5) the Dpart/Dm-values were found to be relatively high (order of 0.35-0.5), which directly reflects the high γsDs/Dm-values that were observed (order 0.35-7).-
dc.format.extent11 p.-
dc.publisherElsevier B.V.-
dc.relation.isformatofVersió postprint del document publicat a:
dc.relation.ispartofJournal of Chromatography A, 2023, vol. 1713, p. 1-11-
dc.rightscc-by-nc-nd (c) Elsevier B.V., 2023-
dc.sourceArticles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)-
dc.subject.classificationCromatografia de líquids-
dc.subject.otherLiquid chromatography-
dc.titleComprehensive analysis of the effective and intra-particle diffusion of weakly retained compounds in silica hydrophilic interaction liquid chromatography columns-
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Biomedicina (IBUB))

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