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Title: The Phaedo as an alternative to tragedy
Author: Ebrey, David, 1978-
Keywords: Tragèdia grega
Greek drama (Tragedy)
Plató, 428 aC o 427 aC-348 aC o 347 aC Phaedo
Sòcrates, 470 aC-399 aC
Issue Date: 1-Apr-2023
Publisher: The University of Chicago Press
Abstract: This article argues that the Phaedo is written as a new sort of story of how a hero faces death. The opening of the Phaedo makes clear that two features that Plato closely associates with tragedy, pity and lamentation, are inappropriate responses to Socrates' impending death, and that tuchē (chance) did not affect his happiness. This is the first step in the dialogue's sustained engagement with tragedy. For Plato, tragedy falls under the category of stories about heroes and gods. Plato wrote the Phaedo so that we would see Socrates as a philosophical hero, a replacement for traditional heroes such as Theseus or Heracles. In fact, I argue that the Phaedo meets every requirement in Republic Books 2-3 for how to tell stories about heroes and gods and so belongs to the same broad category as tragedy. Within this framework, it tells the story of how a true hero saved his companions through philosophy.
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It is part of: Classical Philology, 2023, vol. 118, num.2, p. 153-171
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ISSN: 0009-837X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Filosofia)

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