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Title: Psychometric evaluation of the IWQOL-Lite (Spanish version) when applied to a sample of obese patients awaiting bariatric surgery
Author: Andrés, Ana
Saldaña García, Carmina
Mesa, Jordi
Lecube, Albert
Keywords: Obesitat
Qualitat de vida
Cirurgia de l'obesitat
Quality of life
Obesity surgery
Issue Date: May-2012
Publisher: Springer Science+Business Media
Abstract: Background Obesity may have an impact on key aspects of health-related quality of life (HRQOL). In this context, the Impact of Weight Quality of Life (IWQOL) questionnaire was the first scale designed to assess HRQOL. The aim of the present study was twofold: to assess HRQOL in a sample of Spanish patients awaiting bariatric surgery and to determine the psychometric properties of the IWQOL-Lite and its sensitivity to detect differences in HRQOL across groups. Methods Participants were 109 obese adult patients (BMI¿ 35 kg/m2) from Barcelona, to whom the following measurement instruments were applied: IWQOL-Lite, Depression Anxiety Stress Scales, Brief Symptom Inventory, and self-perception items. Results Descriptive data regarding the IWQOL-Lite scores obtained by these patients are reported. Principal components analysis revealed a five-factor model accounting for 72.05% of the total variance, with factor loadings being adequate for all items. Corrected item<br>total correlations were acceptable for all items. Cronbach"s alpha coefficients were excellent both for the subscales (0.88<br>0.93) and the total scale (0.95). The relationship between the IWQOLLite and other variables supports the construct validity of the scale. Finally, sensitivity analysis revealed large effect sizes when comparing scores obtained by extreme BMI groups. Conclusions This is the first study to report the application of the IWQOL-Lite to a sample of Spanish patients awaiting bariatric surgery and to confirm that the Spanish version of the instrument has adequate psychometric properties.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Obesity Surgery, 2011, vol 22, num. 5, p. 802-809
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ISSN: 0960-8923
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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