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Title: Effects of exercise on mitochondrial DNA content in skeletal muscle of patients with COPD
Author: Puente Maestu, Luis
Lázaro, Alberto
Tejedor, Alberto
Camano, Sonia
Fuentes, Marta
Cuervo, Miguel
Oláiz Navarro, Beatriz
Agustí García-Navarro, Àlvar
Keywords: ADN mitocondrial
Fisiologia de l'exercici
Malalties pulmonars obstructives cròniques
Mitochondrial DNA
Exercise physiology
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
Issue Date: 20-Nov-2010
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Abstract: Background Exhausting exercise reduces the mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) content in the skeletal muscle of healthy subjects due to oxidative damage. Since patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) suffer enhanced oxidative stress during exercise, it was hypothesised that the mtDNA content will be further reduced. Objective To investigate the effects of exercise above and below the lactate threshold (LT) on the mtDNA content of skeletal muscle of patients with COPD. Methods Eleven patients with COPD (676 8 years; forced expiratory volume in 1s (FEV1)456 8%ref) and 10 healthy controls (666 4 years; FEV1 906 7% ref) cycled 45 min above LT (65% peak oxygen uptake (V9O2 peak)and another 7 patients (656 6 years; FEV1 506 4%ref)and 7 controls (566 9 years;FEV1 926 6%ref) cycled 45 min below their LT (50% V9O2 peak). Biopsies from the vastus lateralis muscle were obtained before exercise, immediately after and 1 h, 1 day and 1 week later to determine by PCR the mtDNA/nuclear DNA (nDNA) ratio (a marker of mtDNA content) and the expression of the peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor- g coactivator-1 a (PGC-1a)mRNA and the amount of reactive oxygen species produced during exercise was estimated from total V9O2. Results Skeletal muscle mtDNA/nDNA fell significantly after exercise above the LT both in controls and in patients with COPD, but the changes were greater in those with COPD. These changes correlated with production of reactive oxygen species, increases in manganese superoxide dismutase and PGC-1 a mRNA and returned to baseline values 1 week later. This pattern of response wa was also observed, albeit minimised, in patients exercising below the LT. Conclusions In patients with COPD, exercise enhances the decrease in mtDNA content of skeletal muscle and the expression of PGC-1 a mRNA seen in healthy subjects probably due to oxidative stress.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Thorax, 2010, vol. 66, num. 2, p. 121-127
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ISSN: 0040-6376
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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