Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Decomposing the Rural-Urban Differential in Student Achievement in Colombia Using PISA Microdata
Author: Ramos Lobo, Raúl
Duque, Juan Carlos
Nieto Viramontes, Sandra
Keywords: Programme for International Student Assessment
Política educativa
Escoles rurals
Igualtat d'oportunitats educatives
Programme for International Student Assessment
Educational policy
Rural schools
Educational equalization
Issue Date: 2012
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona. Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública
Series/Report no: [WP E-AQR12/10]
[WP E-IR12/23]
Abstract: Despite the large number of studies that draw on Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA) microdata in their analyses of the determinants of educational outcomes, no more than a few consider the relevance of geographical location. In going some way to rectify this, our paper examines the differences in educational outcomes between students attending schools in rural areas and those enrolled in urban schools. We use microdata from the 2006 and 2009 PISA survey waves for Colombia. The Colombian case is particularly interesting in this regard due to the structural changes suffered by the country in recent years, both in terms of its political stability and of the educational reform measures introduced. Our descriptive analysis of the data shows that the educational outcomes of rural students are worse than those of urban students. In order to identify the factors underpinning this differential, we use the Oaxaca-Blinder decomposition and then exploit the time variation in the data using the methodology proposed by Juhn-Murphy-Pierce. Our results show that most of the differential is attributable to family characteristics as opposed to those of the school. From a policy perspective, our evidence supports actions addressed at improving conditions in the family rather than measures of positive discrimination of rural schools.
Blinder-Oaxaca decomposition
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: IREA – Working Papers, 2012, IR12/23
AQR – Working Papers, 2012, AQR12/10
ISSN: 2014-1254
Appears in Collections:AQR (Grup d’Anàlisi Quantitativa Regional) – Working Papers
Documents de treball (Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública (IREA))
Documents de treball / Informes (Econometria, Estadística i Economia Aplicada)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
IR12-023_Ramos-Duque-Nieto.pdf854.91 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons