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Title: Analytical and numerical studies of multiplicative noises
Author: Sancho, José M.
San Miguel Ruibal, Maximino
Katz, S. L.
Gunton, J. D.
Keywords: Soroll
Equacions diferencials estocàstiques
Termodinàmica estadística
Issue Date: 1982
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Abstract: We consider stochastic differential equations for a variable q with multiplicative white and nonwhite ("colored") noise appropriate for the description of nonequilibrium systems which experience fluctuations which are not "self-originating." We discuss a numerical algorithm for the simulation of these equations, as well as an alternative analytical treatment. In particular, we derive approximate Fokker-Planck equations for the probability density of the process by an analysis of an expansion in powers of the correlation time τ of the noise. We also discuss the stationary solution of these equations. We have applied our numerical and analytical methods to the "Stratonovich model" often used in the literature to study nonequilibrium systems. The numerical analysis corroborates the analytical predictions for the time-independent properties. We show that for large noise intensity D the stationary distribution develops a peak for increasing τ that becomes dominant in the large- τ limit. The correlation time of the process in the steady state has been analyzed numerically. We find a "slowing down" in the sense that the correlation time increases as a function of both D and τ .. This result shows the incorrectness of an earlier analysis of Stratonovich.
Note: Reproducció digital del document publicat en format paper, proporcionada per PROLA i
It is part of: Physical Review A, 1982, vol. 26, núm. 3, p. 1589-1609.
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ISSN: 1050-2947
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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