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Title: Lattice-gas model of orientable molecules: Application to liquid crystals
Author: Vives i Santa-Eulàlia, Eduard
Planes Vila, Antoni
Keywords: Transformacions de fase (Física estadística)
Dinàmica de gasos
Gas dynamics
Phase transformations (Statistical physics)
Issue Date: 1988
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Abstract: We have analyzed a two-dimensional lattice-gas model of cylindrical molecules which can exhibit four possible orientations. The Hamiltonian of the model contains positional and orientational energy interaction terms. The ground state of the model has been investigated on the basis of Karl¿s theorem. Monte Carlo simulation results have confirmed the predicted ground state. The model is able to reproduce, with appropriate values of the Hamiltonian parameters, both, a smectic-nematic-like transition and a nematic-isotropic-like transition. We have also analyzed the phase diagram of the system by mean-field techniques and Monte Carlo simulations. Mean-field calculations agree well qualitatively with Monte Carlo results but overestimate transition temperatures.
Note: Reproducció digital del document publicat en format paper, proporcionada per PROLA i
It is part of: Physical Review A, 1988, vol. 38, núm. 10, p. 5391-5400.
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ISSN: 1050-2947
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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