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Title: Active and reactive behaviour in human mobility: the influence of attraction points on pedestrians
Author: Gutiérrez-Roig, Mario
Sagarra Pascual, Oleguer Josep
Oltra, A.
Palmer, J. R. B.
Bartumeus Ferré, Frederic
Díaz Guilera, Albert
Perelló, Josep, 1974-
Keywords: Conducta (Psicologia)
Rutes aleatòries (Matemàtica)
Mobilitat social
Human behavior
Random walks (Mathematics)
Social mobility
Issue Date: 13-Jul-2016
Publisher: The Royal Society
Abstract: Human mobility is becoming an accessible field of study, thanks to the progress and availability of tracking technologies as a common feature of smart phones. We describe an example of a scalable experiment exploiting these circumstances at a public, outdoor fair in Barcelona (Spain). Participants were tracked while wandering through an open space with activity stands attracting their attention. We develop a general modelling framework based on Langevin dynamics, which allows us to test the influence of two distinct types of ingredients on mobility: reactive or context-dependent factors, modelled by means of a force field generated by attraction points in a given spatial configuration and active or inherent factors, modelled from intrinsic movement patterns of the subjects. The additive and constructive framework model accounts for some observed features. Starting with the simplest model (purely random walkers) as a reference, we progressively introduce different ingredients such as persistence, memory and perceptual landscape, aiming to untangle active and reactive contributions and quantify their respective relevance. The proposed approach may help in anticipating the spatial distribution of citizens in alternative scenarios and in improving the design of public events based on a facts-based approach.
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It is part of: Royal Society Open Science, 2016, vol. 3, p. 160177
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ISSN: 2054-5703
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca en Sistemes Complexos (UBICS))

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