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Title: Quantitative analysis of rat adipose tissue cell recovery, and non-fat cell volume, in primary cell cultures (Raw data)
Author: Rotondo, Floriana
Romero Romero, María del Mar
Ho-Palma, Ana Cecilia
Remesar Betlloch, Xavier
Fernández López, José Antonio
Alemany, Marià, 1946-
Keywords: Teixit adipós
Cultiu cel·lular
Rates com animals de laboratori
Adipose tissues
Cell culture
Rats as laboratory animals
Issue Date: 29-Sep-2016
Abstract: Background. White adipose tissue (WAT) is a complex, diffuse, multifunctional organ which contains adipocytes, and a large proportion of fat, but also other cell types, active in defence, regeneration and signalling functions. Studies with adipocytes often require their isolation from WAT by breaking up the matrix of collagen fibres, however, it is unclear to what extent adipocyte number in primary cultures correlates with their number in intact WAT, since recovery and viability are often unknown. Experimental design. Epididymal WAT of 4-6 young adult rats was used to isolate adipocytes with collagenase. Careful recording of lipid content of tissue, and all fraction volumes and weights, allowed us to trace the amount of initial WAT fat remaining in the cell preparation. Functionality was estimated by incubation with glucose and measurement of lactate, glycerol and NEFA production. Non-adipocyte cells were also recovered and their sizes (and those of adipocytes) were also measured. The presence of non-nucleated cells (erythrocytes) was also estimated. Results. Cell numbers and sizes were correlated from all fractions to intact WAT. Tracing the lipid content, the recovery of adipocytes in the final, metabolically active, preparation was in the range of 70-75%. Adipocytes were 7%, erythrocytes 68% and other stromal (nucleated cells) 24% of total WAT cells. However, their overall volumes were, 91%, 0.05%, and 0.2% of WAT. Non-fat volume of adipocytes was 2.5% of WAT. Conclusions. The methodology presented here allows for a direct quantitative reference to the original tissue of studies using isolated cells. We have found, also, that the "live cell mass" of adipose tissue is very small (about 25 µL/g for adipocytes and 2 µL/g stromal, plus about 1 µL/g blood). This fact, translates (with respect to the actual "live cytoplasm" size) into an extremely high metabolic activity, which make WAT an even more significant agent in the control of energy metabolism.
Note: Dades primàries associades a un article publicat a la revista PeerJ disponible a l'adreça
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Dades (Bioquímica i Biomedicina Molecular)

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