Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/10923
Title: Grain boundaries in vortex matter
Author: Moretti, Paolo
Miguel López, María del Carmen
Zapperi, Stefano
Keywords: Superconductivitat
Cristal·lografia
Superconductors
Superconductivity
Crystallography
Superconductors
Issue Date: 2005
Publisher: The American Physical Society
Abstract: We explore the statistical properties of grain boundaries in the vortex polycrystalline phase of type-II superconductors. Treating grain boundaries as arrays of dislocations interacting through linear elasticity, we show that self-interaction of a deformed grain boundary is equivalent to a nonlocal long-range surface tension. This affects the pinning properties of grain boundaries, which are found to be less rough than isolated dislocations. The presence of grain boundaries has an important effect on the transport properties of type-II superconductors as we show by numerical simulations: our results indicate that the critical current is higher for a vortex polycrystal than for a regular vortex lattice. Finally, we discuss the possible role of grain boundaries in vortex lattice melting. Through a phenomenological theory we show that melting can be preceded by an intermediate polycrystalline phase.
Note: Reproducció digital del document publicat en format paper, proporcionada per PROLA i http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.72.014505
It is part of: Physical Review B, 2005, vol. 72, núm. 1, p. 014505-1-014505-12
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/10923
ISSN: 0163-1829
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física de la Matèria Condensada)

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