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Title: Spatiotemporal characteristics of motor actions by blind long jump athletes
Author: Torralba Jordán, M. Ángel (Miguel Ángel)
Padullés Riu, Josep Maria
Losada López, José Luis
López del Amo, José Luis
Keywords: Cecs
Esportistes amb discapacitat
Percepció de l'espai
Percepció del temps
Athletes with disabilities
Space perception
Time perception
Issue Date: 2017
Publisher: BMJ Publishing Group
Abstract: Background Blind people depend on spatial and temporal representations to perform activities of daily living and compete in sport. Objective The aim of this study is to determine the spatiotemporal characteristics of long jumps performed by blind athletes and compare findings with those reported for sighted athletes. Methods We analysed a sample of 12 male athletes competing in the F11 Long Jump Finals at the Paralympic Games in London 2012. Performances were recorded using four high-speed cameras, and speeds were measured using a radar speed gun. The images were processed using validated image analysis software. Results The long jump run-up is shorter in blind athletes than in sighted athletes. We observed statistically significant differences for body centre of mass velocity and an increase in speed over the last three strides prior to take-off, contrasting with reports for sighted athletes and athletes with less severe visual impairment, who maintain or reduce their speed during the last stride. Stride length for the last three strides was the only spatial characteristic that was not significantly associated with effective jump distance. Blind long jumpers extend rather than shorten their last stride. Contact time with the take-off board is longer than that reported for sighted athletes. Conclusion The actions of blind long jumpers, unlike those without disabilities, do not vary their leg actions during the final runway approach for optimal placement on the take-off board.
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It is part of: BMJ Open, 2017, vol. 3, p. e000252
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ISSN: 2044-6055
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Didàctiques Aplicades)
Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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