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Title: Molecular gut content analysis of different spider body parts
Author: Macías-Hernández, N.
Athey, K
Tonzo, V.
Wangensteen Fuentes, Owen S. (Simon)
Arnedo Lombarte, Miquel Àngel
Harwood, J.D.
Keywords: Aranyes
Taxonomia zoològica
Zoological taxonomy
Issue Date: 30-May-2018
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Molecular gut-content analysis has revolutionized the study of food webs and feeding inter- actions, allowing the detection of prey DNA within the gut of many organisms. However, suc- cessful prey detection is a challenging procedure in which many factors affect every step, starting from the DNA extraction process. Spiders are liquid feeders with branched gut diver- ticula extending into their legs and throughout the prosoma, thus digestion takes places in different parts of the body and simple gut dissection is not possible. In this study, we investi- gated differences in prey detectability in DNA extracts from different parts of the spider ́s body: legs, prosoma and opisthosoma, using prey-specific PCR and metabarcoding approaches. We performed feeding trials with the woodlouse hunter spider Dysdera ver- neaui Simon, 1883 (Dysderidae) to estimate the time at which prey DNA is detectable within the predator after feeding. Although we found that all parts of the spider body are suitable for gut-content analysis when using prey-specific PCR approach, results based on metabar- coding suggested the opisthosoma is optimal for detection of predation in spiders because it contained the highest concentration of prey DNA for longer post feeding periods. Other spi- ders may show different results compared to D. verneaui, but given similarities in the physi- ology and digestion in different families, it is reasonable to assume this to be common across species and this approach having broad utility across spiders.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2018, vol. 13, num. 5, p. e0196589-e01965816
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio))

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