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Title: Attentional effects on rule extraction and consolidation from speech.
Author: López-Barroso, Diana
Cucurell, David
Rodríguez Fornells, Antoni
Diego Balaguer, Ruth de
Keywords: Adquisició del llenguatge
Language acquisition
Issue Date: Jul-2016
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Incidental learning plays a crucial role in the initial phases of language acquisition. However this knowledge derived from implicit learning, which is based on prediction-based mechanisms, may become explicit. The role that attention plays in the formation of implicit and explicit knowledge of the learned material is unclear. In the present study, we investigated the role that attention plays in the acquisition of non-adjacent rule learning from speech. In addition, we also tested whether the amount of attention during learning changes the representation of the learned material after a 24h delay containing sleep. For that, we developed an experiment run on two consecutive days consisting on the exposure to an artificial language that contained nonadjacent dependencies (rules) between words whereas different conditions were established to manipulate the amount of attention given to the rules (target and non-target conditions). Furthermore, we used both indirect and direct measures of learning that are more sensitive to implicit and explicit knowledge respectively. Whereas the indirect measures indicated that learning of the rules occurred regardless of attention, more explicit judgments after learning showed differences in the type of learning reached under the two attention conditions. 24 hours later, indirect measures showed no further improvements during additional language exposure and explicit judgments indicated that only the information more robustly learned in the previous day was consolidated.
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It is part of: Cognition, 2016, vol. 152, p. 61-69
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ISSN: 0010-0277
Appears in Collections:Publicacions de projectes de recerca finançats per la UE
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)

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