Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/129965
Title: How will climate change affect endangered Mediterranean waterbirds?
Author: Ramirez, Francisco
Rodriguez, Carlos
Seoane, Javier
Figuerola, Jordi
Bustamante, Javier
Keywords: Canvis climàtics
Mediterrània occidental
Zones humides
Ocells aquàtics
Climatic changes
Western Mediterranean
Wetlands
Water birds
Issue Date: 13-Feb-2018
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Global warming and direct anthropogenic impacts, such as water extraction, largely affect water budgets in Mediterranean wetlands, thereby increasing wetland salinities and isolation, and decreasing water depths and hydroperiods (duration of the inundation period). These wetland features are key elements structuring waterbird communities. However, the ultimate and net consequences of these dynamic conditions on waterbird assemblages are largely unknown. We combined regular sampling of waterbird presence through one annual cycle with in-situ data on relevant environmental predictors of waterbird distribution to model habitat selection for 69 species in a typical Mediterranean wetland network in southwestern Spain. Species associations with environmental features were subsequently used to predict changes in habitat suitability for each species under three climate change scenarios (encompassing changes in environmental predictors that ranged from 10% to 50% change as predicted by regional climatic models). Waterbirds distributed themselves unevenly throughout environmental gradients and water salinity was the most important gradient structuring the distribution of the community. Environmental suitability for the guilds of diving birds and vegetation gleaners will decline in future climate scenarios, while many small wading birds will benefit from changing conditions. Resident species and those that breed in this wetland network will also be more negatively impacted than those using this area for wintering or stopover. We provide a tool that can be used in a horizon-scanning framework to identify emerging issues in waterbird conservation and to anticipate suitable management actions.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192702
It is part of: PLoS One, 2018, vol. 13, num. 2, p. e0192702
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/129965
Related resource: https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0192702
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Recerca de la Biodiversitat (IRBio))

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